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  History  

 

Kasargod was known to the Arabs by the name Harkwillia. Many Arab travelers who visited Kerala between the 9th and the 14th centuries visited Kasargod, which was an important trade centre then. Duarte Borbosa, the Portuguese traveler who visited Kumbla, near Kasargod in 1514, recorded rice being exported for coir to Maldives. Dr. Francis Buccanan, who was the family doctor of Arthur Wellesley, visited Kasargod in 1800. In his travelogue, he recorded information on places like Athiraparambu, Kavvai, Nileshwaram, Bekal, Chandragiri and Manjeshwaram.The river “ Chandragiri “assumes its name Chandragiri from the name of the place of its source Chandragupta Vasti; where the great Maurya emperor Chandragupta is believed to have spent his last days as a sage.

In ancient period, Kasargod was known to the Arabs by the name Harkwillia. Many Arab travellers who visited Kerala between the 9th and the 14th centuries visited Kasargod, which was an important trade centre then. Duarte Borbosa, the Portuguese traveller who visited Kumbla, near Kasargod in 1514, recorded rice being exported for coir to Maldives. Dr. Francis Buccanan, who was the family doctor of Arthur Wellesley, visited Kasargod in 1800. In his travelogue, he recorded information on places like Athiraparambu, Kavvai, Nileshwaram, Bekal, Chandragiri and Manjeshwaram.Chandragiri bridge which connects Kasargod town to Chemnad Panchayath.

 The Northernmost parts of Kasargod District were once within the territory of the Tuluva kingdom, while the Central and Southern parts were ruled by the Mushika/Kolathiri/Chirakkal Royal Family of North Kerala. Then, according to local legends, there were 32 Malayalam and 32 Tulu villages in this region. When the Vijayanagara empire attacked Kasargod, it was still under the Kolathiri Raja who had Nileshwaram as one of his capitals. During the decline of the Vijayanagara empire, the administration of this area was vested with Ikkery Naiks. At the onset of collapse of the Vijayanagara empire, Vengappa Naik declared independence to Ikkery. Kumbla, Chandragiri and Bekal are considered to be the chain of forts constructed or renovated by Shivappa Naik. In 1763, Hyder Ali conquered Bedanoor (Bidnur), the capital of the Ikkery Naiks. His son Tippu Sultan conquered much of Malabar. As per the Sreerangapattanam Treaty of 1792, Tippu surrendered Malabar, except Tulunadu (Canara) to the British. The British got Tulunadu only after the death of Tippu Sultan.

NATIONAL MOVEMENT

Kasargod played a prominent role in the National Movement for the freedom of the country. Mohammed Sherul Sahib and Kandige Krishna Bhat were the frontline leaders of the independence movement. Umesh Rao, K.M.Krishnan Nambiar, Shreesankarji, Naranthatta Raman Nair, A.C.Kannan Nair, T.Gopalan Nair,and Meloth Narayanan Nambair were prominent freedom fighters.The agrarian struggles to end the exploitation and oppression by landlords and chieftains were part of the National Movement. The Kadakom Sathyagraha various struggles unleashed for the uplift of the scheduled castes and tribes also supported and enlivened in National Movement.

 





 
 
 

 

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